Written by Peter Bettels

In tornados, the law of conservation of angular momentum applies to a mass located on its rotating disc that is forced from an outer orbit to an inner, smaller orbit characterized by increased orbiting velocity, even though its angular velocity remains constant.

The formula to calculate the kinetic energy of an amount of mass on this rotating disc, E=m/2 w² r², shows that energy increases exponentially with its distance from the rotating axis, or radius r, and with its rotational velocity, or angular velocity w. This means that the rotational velocity and distance from the radius [sic] are inversely proportional to each other. The larger the radius of the tornado, the smaller the angular velocity needs to be in order to arrive at the same effect, and vice versa.

A tornado has air masses at its outer orbits, far from the rotational center, that have a kinetic energy corresponding to their orbital velocity and their distance from the rotating axis. These air masses are forced into smaller and smaller rotating radii due to the rotation of and spiral form of the tornado.

Due to the minimal flow resistance in the atmosphere, the air masses are allowed to accelerate as fast as possible. Since they describe orbits with shorter and shorter radii on their path inward, they continually have a larger kinetic energy than that which would correspond to the smaller radii, and this excess energy is converted into velocity and increased pressure. According to the theory of relativity, the principles of which are all reflected in the formula E=mc², mass m and velocity c are mutually interchangeable. This means that mass is always defined by its velocity. There are no absolute masses. Mass only seems absolute on the surface of the earth since it all has the same velocity, the same direction and the same angular momentum. If there are no absolute masses, but gravitation always occurs relative to mass, it follows that gravitation is relative to relativistic mass.

Since the air masses in a tornado are accelerated exponentially, they increase in relativistic mass and thus in gravity. As the air streams increase in velocity and their rotational radii simultaneously shorten, the acceleration and thus increase in mass does not occur linearly, but rather it occurs exponentially. As a result, a gravitational well is created in the "proboscis" of the tornado, repelling the gravitational field of the earth. Due to the reduced gravitation inside the "proboscis", lift occurs inside the tornado that produces the suction that can swirl even ton-sized objects through the air due to the absence of the earth’s attraction. The air at the ground that rotates in the wake of the "proboscis" also supports the rotation of the overall tornado; it urges it on. A tornado needs a boost of energy in its birth stage, which it gets from ascending and descending winds, as well as a frictionless earth surface for it to become a tornado. If it has enough overall energy and radius and has built up enough angular velocity, it acts as its own engine. The result is that a tornado is no longer a reaction to its environment when it is in its main destructive phase; it is no longer produced by the winds that surround it, but rather it produces companion storms. The tornado is its own power plant, having a positive balance of energy; it acts on its own.

This causality centers at a particular point, namely when enough mass and rotation form an exponential increase in relativistic mass that generates its own gravitational field in the center. At this point, the driving energy is acquired from the lift within the "proboscis". Black holes also produce their massive gravitation according to this principle; they are thus cosmic “tornados”. Considerably more gravitation is measured in them than would be proportionally visible. This is because gravitation develops proportional to relativistic mass and not to absolute mass.